Robot is a comprehensive product of contemporary technologies, and robotics should also keep pace with the times. The theme of the WER 2019 season is "artificial intelligence", which is highly integrated with development of the modern world.
In 1956, American computer scientist John McCarthy organized the Dartmouth Conference, at which the term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was first adopted.
In 1986, First driverless car, a Mercedes-Benz van equipped with cameras and sensors, built at Bundeswehr University in Munich under the direction of Ernst Dickmanns, drives up to 55 mph on empty streets.
In 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue became the first computer to beat a reigning world chess champion, Garry Kasparov.
In 2006, Geoffrey Hinton publishes “Learning Multiple Layers of Representation,” summarizing the ideas that have led to “multilayer neural networks that contain top-down connections and training them to generate sensory data rather than to classify it,” i.e., the new approaches to deep learning.
In March 2016, Google DeepMind's AlphaGo defeated Go champion Lee Sedol.
In 2017, AlphaGo’s Upgraded version “Master” defeated Ke Jie, the No.1 Go player in China, with 3:0 in the three-part match.
Human beings are constantly studying the nature and drawing wisdom from it. However, the most complex research object in nature is the human beings themselves.
Artificial intelligence refers to an artificial intelligence system built using computer technology and biological knowledge. It is a science that realizes the imitation or research of human behavior. Artificial intelligence is a simulation of the information processing process of human consciousness and thinking. It is not human intelligence, but it can think like a human being, and may even exceed human intelligence. The research content of artificial intelligence includes: search methods, machine learning and knowledge acquisition, automation, etc., which is the development trend of future technology.
Artificial intelligence was born in the middle of the 20th century and has been booming in the near future. It has achieved rapid development in problem solving, deductive logic and machine automatic proof theory and etc., and set off a wave of research and simulation of human thinking. It is believed that in the near future, human-created machines can become artists, musicians, engineers and waiters.
Due to the complexity of human intelligence and the limitations of computer hardware and software, the development path of artificial intelligence is rugged and has fallen into a trough for several times. Until recently, with the rapid development of computer technology, artificial intelligence has entered a new development period. Some new technologies, new ideas and new methods have been integrated into the field of artificial intelligence, giving it a strong momentum of rapid development. The well-known technologies in the field of artificial intelligence include computer vision (image processing), language understanding and communication (speech recognition), robotics, machine learning, etc.
As a good scientific research, demonstration, display and application platform for artificial intelligence, robots can fully embody the power and versatility of artificial intelligence. All kinds of dialogue robots, all kinds of service robots, and industrial robots that operate autonomously on the assembly line, as well as the current unmanned vehicles - they are the result of artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence involves many fields and has broad application prospects.
In 2017, the State Council of China issued the “New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Plan”, which marked the official rise of artificial intelligence as China’s national strategy.
In the WER 2019 season, participants should work like software engineers, algorithm scientists, robot engineers, etc., to create robots and write code so that the robots can complete the competition tasks autonomously.